STOP Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in the world by JSTOR. Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial purposes. Read more about Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate-jstor/individuals/early- journal-content . JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. FORE I GN AFFAI RS AN AMERICAN QVAKJEKET REVIEW DECEMBER 15 VOL-1 NO-2 i*i'2)'AC0PY FOREIGN AFFAIRS AN AMERICAN QUARTERLY REVIEW m DECEMBER 15, 1922 The Evolution of the Unified Command .... Tasker H. Bliss I Economics and Politics in Europe Joseph Caillaux 31 The Saar Territory as It Is Today Charles H. Haskins 46 An English View of Anglo-American Relations V 59 The United States and the International Court Manley 0. Hudson 71 From Empire to Commonwealth Philip Kerr 83 Germany Since the War Karl Kautsky 99 Principles and Policies in Regard to China . . Stanley K. Hornbeck 120 The International Policy of Spain Ramiro de Maeztu 136 International Electrical Communications . . . Walter S. Rogers 144 A Note on Turkey, with Maps Isaiah Bowman 158 The Far East Since the Washington Conference K. S. Latourette 162 Some Recent Books on International Affairs . Harry S. Barnes 169 Source Material Denys P. Myers 174 ARCHIBALD CARY COOLIDGE Editor HAMILTON FISH ARMSTRONG Managing Editor HARRY ELMER BARNES DENYS P. MYERS Bibliographical Editor _ Source Material Editor Editorial Advisory Board ISAIAH BOWMAN JOHN W. DAVIS ALEXANDER LEGGE GEORGE H. BLAKESLEE HARRY A. GARFIELD LEO S. ROWE STEPHEN P. DUGGAN EDWIN F. GAY GEORGE W. WICKERSHAM Published quarterly by Council on Foreign Relations, Inc. Subscription, $5.00 a year, post- free to any address in the world. Subscriptions, and inquiries regarding advertising, should be addressed to the Business Manager, Foreign Affairs, 25 West 43rd Street, New York, N. Y. The Editors will be glad to consider manuscripts offered for publication, but no manuscript will be returned unless it is accompanied by a stamped and addressed envelope, and the Editors will take no responsibility for manuscripts that may be lost. Entered as second-class matter September 12, 1(122, at the post- office at New York, N. Y., under the Act of March 3, 1879 Vol. I., No. 2. Copyright, 1922, by Foreign Affairs. Printed in V. S. A. CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS ISSUE TASKER H. BLISS, General, former Chief of Staff of the United States Army, American representative on the Supreme War Council in France in 1917 and 1918, member of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace, 1918-1919 * » * JOSEPH CAILLAUX, former Prime Minister of France * » * CHARLES H. HASKINS, Professor of History and Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard, Chief of Division of Western Europe on the American Delegation at the Paris Conference, President of the American Historical Association * * * V, Anonymous * * * MANLEY 0. HUDSON, Professor in the Harvard Law School, attached to the American Delegation at the Paris Conference, member of the Secretariat of the League of Nations * * * PHILIP KERR, Secretary to Prime Minister Lloyd- George from 1917 to 1922, Editor of the "Round Table" * * * KARL KAUTSKY, German Socialist writer, Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany after the revolution of November 9, 1918, Editor of a celebrated volume of documents revealing the origins of the war * * * STANLEY K. HORNBECK, instructor in Chinese government colleges from 1909 to 1913, technical expert on Far Eastern problems at the Paris Conference in 1918 and the Washington Peace Conference in 1921, now attached to the Department of State * * * RAMIRO DE MAEZTU, Spanish publicist and author, Editor of "El Sol," Madrid * * * WALTER S. ROGERS, Director of the Foreign Cables Division of the Committee on Public Information from 1917 to 1919, delegate to the International Conference on Electrical Communi- cations 1920-1922, adviser to the American Delegation at the Washington Conference, 1921-1922 * * * ISAIAH BO JVM AN, Director of the Ameri- can Geographical Society, Editor of "The Geographical Review," Chief Territorial Specialist of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace, 1918- 1919 » * * KENNETH S. LATOURETTE, Professor of Missions,Yale University, author of several volumes on the Far East. The articles in Foreign Affairs do not represent any consensus of beliefs. We do not expect that readers of the review will sympathize with all the sentiments they find there, for some of our writers will flatly disagree with others; but we hold that while keeping clear of mere vagaries Foreign Affairs can do more to guide American public opinion by a broad hospitality to divergent ideas than it can by identifying itself with one school. It does not accept responsibility for the views expressed in any articles, signed or unsigned, which appear in its pages. What it does accept is the responsibility for giving them a chance to appear there. The Editors.